Stomach cramping in early pregnancy is normal and typical. Cramping during pregnancy never gets severe in normal conditions. What do pregnancy cramps mean?
Cramps during pregnancy are because the uterus undergoes growth and ligaments stretch.
Some women have implantation cramps when the embryo attaches to the wall of the uterus. The sinking of the egg and embedment causes bleeding and early pregnancy cramps.
After 12 weeks, round ligament pain causes pregnancy cramping. Mild tummy cramps during pregnancy are normal and nothing to worry about.
After having sex during pregnancy, feeling cramps is also normal and not a reason for stopping intercourse. Running while pregnant can also cause mild cramps. During pregnancy the uterus undergoes growth.
The pregnancy second trimester sees a major leap in growth and cramping. During the third trimester, the Braxton Hicks or mock labor contractions also cause cramping.
After a stage of pregnancy, it is normal to feel cramps while coughing and upon getting up from sleep or sitting position.
Cramps during pregnancy
Cramps during pregnancy are mostly like stomach spasms. Some women who have mild menstrual cramps may feel them alike.
Some women might misinterpret stomach cramping as ovary pain during pregnancy.
What do early pregnancy cramps feel like?
They may feel like period pain or compress the chest. Heartburn pain and cramping in early pregnancy feel similar. But in most cases, it will only feel like you have a stomach ache during pregnancy.
It is very easy to notice pregnancy cramps vs. period cramp.
Is cramping normal in early pregnancy?
Causes of cramping include uterus growth and muscle and ligaments stretching.
Cramping during early pregnancy is normal. The reasons for cramping change along the course of pregnancy.
First-trimester pregnancy cramping is because of hormonal changes and implantation.
Pregnancy cramps in the second trimester are because of growth of uterus.
The round ligament pain is common during the second trimester of pregnancy. It feels like a muscle stretching like a rubber band around the baby bump.
In the third trimester, the labor contractions or Braxton Hicks can cause cramping.
Other causes of cramping during pregnancy include bloating, sexual intercourse and gas. Constipation also causes cramping in early pregnancy.
Cramping early pregnancy
Cramping during pregnancy is common, and most women are used to it. Women embrace all kinds of pain during pregnancy taking them as usual.
Cramping in early pregnancy may be because of the process like egg embedment.
The increased blood flow to the uterus prepares it for growth. All such changes cause normal pain due to cramps.
However, sometimes these pregnancy cramps hint miscarriage, urinary tract infection (UTI) or placental abnormalities.
Pregnancy cramps that happen throughout could be because of :
- Gas and bloating: During pregnancy, the digestive system becomes less sensitive. There are irregular bowel movements. Bloating and flatulence are major causes of pregnancy cramps. You can eat fiber-rich food to prevent such painful cramps during pregnancy.
- Sexual intercourse or orgasm: After having sex during pregnancy you may feel back pain and cramps. It can be because you are under stress about hurting your baby. Getting cramps after sex during pregnancy is not a reason to stop having sex. You can talk to your doctor about it. Trying different sex positions for pregnancy may help reduce the cramps.
- Growth and blood flow to uterus: Blood flow increases to the pelvic region during pregnancy. There is a growth of uterus causing the ligaments to stretch. Muscles keep flexing and cause pregnancy cramps.
Pregnancy Cramps During the first trimester
Many distressed women often mail us with questions regarding:
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- Are cramps caused by implantation?
Implantation is the process of egg embedment. The egg sinks in the endometrial lining and causes bleeding.
Implantation cramps last for few hours. There is pulling and cramping in the stomach. During implantation, pregnancy cramps will be towards one side of the stomach.
Later on, the cramps are all over the abdomen and body.
Leg cramps during pregnancy also start from the first trimester.
Early pregnancy cramps are localized, but later they spread to the entire region. You may feel cramps after getting up suddenly or lying down in one position.
Cramps During Pregnancy Second Trimester
Round ligament pain is due to the stretching of muscles from both sides to hold the weight.
Second-trimester cramps may also be because of urinary tract infections. Bacterial Vaginosis during pregnancy is also quite common.
Miscarriage and ectopic pregnancy can also cause pregnancy cramps in the second trimester.
If you have symptoms like vaginal bleeding and severe cramping, then it may be because of a miscarriage.
Pregnancy cramps in the third trimester
Braxton Hicks are like mock labor contractions. They prepare the body for labor and delivery.
37 weeks pregnant women may feel such cramping often. Pregnant water leaking is a sign of early labor if you have cramps.
Serious Causes of cramping during pregnancy
Cramps during early pregnancy are normal. Pains mostly mean that the embryo is making space for itself inside the uterus. Serious causes for cramping in early pregnancy are:
1) Molar pregnancy
A molar pregnancy is when the tissue that was going to become an embryo grows abnormally. It causes severe painful cramps during pregnancy.
A miscarriage is the spontaneous loss of pregnancy. A chemical pregnancy can also cause sharp pregnancy cramps. Miscarriage symptoms include heartburn, falling or static hCG levels, dizziness, shortness of breath and bleeding. Heavy bleeding and cramping is a sign of miscarriage.
3) Placenta Previa
Placenta Previa is a condition when the placenta moves down to the cervix and covers the opening. It is fatal as it can cause pregnancy loss. Cramps during pregnancy getting severe along with vaginal bleeding are signs of this condition.
4) Urinary tract infection
During pregnancy, the vaginal region remains wet, and there is a change of pH. Urinary tract infections are common during pregnancy. If you have pain while urinating and blood coming along urine, then cramps are not normal. You need to tell your doctor about it. Antibiotics course can treat most urinary tract infections.
5) Ectopic pregnancy
When the implantation occurs outside the uterus in tubes, the condition is a tubal pregnancy. Ectopic pregnancy causes severe stomach cramps and ovary pain during pregnancy. Early detection of ectopic pregnancy can prevent the need for surgery. In later stages, it can even lead to bursting of tubes.
6) Preterm labor
Cramps during late pregnancy may signal preterm labor. There are endless reasons for premature delivery. If you are in your third trimester and are having cramps, then tell your doctor immediately. Braxton Hicks are not like labor. They are mild and less frequent. Rhythmic contractions at an interval of fewer than 10 minutes occur during labor. If you are less than 37 Weeks Pregnant, then you may be having preterm labor. These contractions last for 30-70 seconds.
The condition of abnormally elevated blood pressure and protein in urine is Preeclampsia. It usually happens in the second half of pregnancy. In this condition, the oxygen supply to fetus reduces and nutritional demands are not fulfilled.
8) Placental abruption
The placenta can come off the endometrial lining. The tearing off placenta causes cramps and bleeding. It is life-threatening and needs immediate treatment. Any previous scar from surgery can tear off in the uterus. The cramps are like wild spasms, and surgery is required to give relief to the patient.
How to treat pregnancy cramps?
Home remedies for pregnancy cramps are:
- Take a warm bath and use a warm compress
- Drink lukewarm water and lie down
- Ask someone to massage your lower back
- Go for a walk or jog and stretch yourself
- Avoid any heavy exercise or work like lifting weights
- Change positions while sleeping
- Drink lot of fluids to prevent dehydration
When to call the doctor for pregnancy cramps?
If the pregnancy cramps get severe and cause twisting, then you need a doctor.
Bleeding and cramps during pregnancy are a sign that something is not healthy.
Sharp painful cramps could be a sign of miscarriage.
One-sided cramps during early pregnancy are because of Ectopic pregnancy in which the implantation process can go wrong and the zygote implants in the tubes.
If you have dizziness and shortness of breath, then call the doctor for pregnancy cramps.
Pain in neck and leg along with cramps needs treatment. If there are vision changes or seeing flashing light or spots along with pregnancy cramps, then you need the doctor.
Fever or chills and headache along with early pregnancy cramps are a sign of some complication.
If you have pain while urination then cramps are not normal. More than four contractions in an hour mean labor, 37 weeks pregnant water leaking can happen.
Are cramps an early sign of pregnancy?
Cramps during pregnancy occur because of many reasons. The hormonal up and down along with uterus increasing in size cause cramping.
However, cramping is not a sign of pregnancy. Yet, it accompanies most early pregnancies.