The urge of procreation the act of producing offspring is very strong in men after they cross a certain age. While infertility in women is a widely discussed topic, men suffer a more adverse crisis when it comes to their infertility. The reality is more than 50% of couples who have not been able to make babies are actually suffering due to the male partner being infertile (Male Infertility).
A man’s inability to make a woman pregnant can be devastating for his self-esteem. And the more terrible issue is that a man feels more shy to go to see a doctor to meet a doctor to discuss infertility.
Unqualified quacks take advantage of such men and exploit them beyond imagination. Their unprofessional treatments only worsen the situation. Men find it even more difficult to talk about infertility.
Table of Contents
- What is infertility?
- Difference between fertility in men and women?
- What is infertility in men?
- Problems that lead to infertility in men are
- Types of Male infertility
- Symptoms of infertility in men
- When do you need to see the doctor for infertility in men?
What is infertility?
Infertility is the inability to reproduce even after having unprotected sex for more than a year. The technical definition might have some clauses to add on with respect to age.
Difference between fertility in men and women?
A man stays fertile for his entire life virtually. Women experience menopause at the age of 40, where her periods undergo cessation and her reproductive phase ends. Men don’t undergo or rarely undergo such a situation of andropause. So a male has a longer time to treat infertility and also to stay reproductively active.
What is infertility in men?
Male Infertility is the inability of making a woman pregnant. It is only when provided the fact that he has frequent sex with her for more than a year without using contraceptives.
A male needs to perform the following reproductive functions perfectly in order to be fertile:
- Produce a sufficient number of sperms more than 39 million per ejaculation
- Store the sperms until ejaculation
- 60% of the sperms must be in the right form and 40% of them should have right mobility
- Sperm should have the enzymes and the energy to fertilize the egg
- Have the erection of penis by relaxing the blood vessels of the area and allowing blood to gush in and make the penis hard and erect
- Hold the erection for the entire duration of having sex and be able to insert it till the right depth
- Deliver the sperms deep inside the female’s vagina
If there is a problem in any of these it can lead to men infertility.
Problems that lead to infertility in men are
- Low sperm count
- Erectile dysfunction of penis
- Sperms are not of proper shape and size
- Organs are deformed
- Hormonal imbalance exists and hence affects reproductive processes
- Lubricating fluids are not produced
- Sex diseases
- Premature ejaculation
Types of Male infertility
- Primary infertility in men: Primary infertility in men is basic infertility in a man. This may be because of a single problem in the male reproductive system while the rest functions are going on normally. This means that a man has erectile penis, produces semen and delivers the semen deep in a woman’s vagina. Yet he is not fertile for reasons that cannot be seen. It could be that the sperm count is very low or sperms are not of the right shape and size. In such situations, it gets very difficult to identify the real reason behind not being able to make a baby.
- Sterility in men: Sterility in men is when the testes have not descended in the scrotal sacs (testis bags). This is cryptorchidism. It is a genital defect. It may also be when the penis has other deformities or has erectile dysfunction.
In such cases, the male partner’s semen is artificially injected into the woman’s vagina. A low sperm count makes the semen ineffective. In such a case semen from a donor is the solution for male infertility. Further treatments are also available if the problem is still not resolved.
- Psychological infertility in men: Men who abhor sex in every manner might be infertile apparently. However, they are very much capable of procreation once they got out of the psychological dilemma. This is the case of homosexuality. It is less common in men as an infertility type.
Symptoms of infertility in men
- Problems in having sex like premature ejaculation or very less semen volume
- Pain and swelling in scrotal sacs
- Abdominal pain and night falls
- Sense of smell reduces
- Female partner is not getting pregnant
- Gynecomastia, that is development of breast and mammary glands in male
- Reduced secondary sexual characters like facial and body hair
- Burning or itching in penis and surrounding region
When do you need to see the doctor for infertility in men?
Once you’ve crossed a year of trying to make babies and have failed it is time to see the doctor. If you had sex with multiple partners, someone might be suffering from a sexually transmitted disease. You need to meet the doctor soon even before twelve months.
Other factors to consider before going to an infertility clinic:
- Having problems while having sex
- If you have had sterilization treatments like vasectomy
- When you have any swelling or feel clump in the genital areas
- If your testes region was ever exposed to shocks during accidents
Over stressing about a problem makes things more complicated. So just relax and hold all your pieces together it’s not the end of the world.